A new study has confirmed that the instruments that made up the traditional gong instruments used in Indian dance music and classical music were also found in the archaeological record from the time of the Indus Valley civilisation.
The research by scientists at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, reveals that the traditional instruments were used by the Ganga people and that the same instruments were also made in the 19th century by a group of musicians from Bengaluru called the Shambhulars, who used them to create musical instruments for dances, including traditional dances and other folk dances, the researchers said.
The study, titled The Gongs of the Ancient Indus Civilization: A Comparison of Recorded Instruments from the Indi-Sangla Valley, was published in the Journal of Archaeological Science and Technology (JAAST) on Monday.
“We have also compared the recorded instruments from this period with those of other ancient societies, and the instruments were in use by the Shamboars and other groups of musicians in different parts of the country,” said Professor B.J. Dutta, who led the study along with PhD student P.K. Sinha.
According to Dutte, the instruments found in different places on the Ganges river indicate that the Gongs were used to create music as well as other forms of performance.
The instruments used by Gongs in various contexts are called kondhakas.
The instruments were made of clay, bone and horn, and they were also shaped like gongs, said Dutka.
“We can say that the people of the Gange used the Gondhala as a musical instrument,” said Duttas team.
In ancient times, the Gong was the instrument of choice for musical performances.
“In this musical context, Gondas were used for a variety of different forms of music.
The instrument was a form of music that was made up of three parts: a bell, a string and a melody,” he said.
In the 19 and 20 centuries, a small number of Gondha music instruments have been discovered in India, said Sinha, adding that these instruments are also found on the shores of the river Ganges.
The instrument was made by using bone from a large variety of animals, including elephants, elephants and rhinoceroses, and also by carving wood into the shape of a Gondharan instrument.
“This type of instrument was very important for musical performance.
It was also a very important tool for dance music,” said Sinh.
Dutta said that the sound that they recorded was made using an ancient instrument called a muthu.
The sound was made from a resonant frequency of around 500 Hz and the instrument had to be tuned using an instrument known as a bacchanto, which is a wooden instrument that vibrates as it is played.
Duttas research team also found a number of other instruments that were made from clay, which are called dhammakas, he said, adding these instruments were mostly used for music in the 17th and 18th centuries.
According to Sinha’s team, the sound was also made by a piece of wood that was cut into the shapes of the gongs and instruments.
Dudas team also discovered a number, mostly of bone instruments and a wooden drum made from the horns and the tip of the tail.
These instruments were not made for music but were used as instruments for ceremonial and musical activities, said the team.
The ancient Gondhas also used a bow, a spear, and a flail to create instruments, and it was used for ceremonial occasions, he added.
According, Duttastas research found that in the ancient Ganges, the people had an elaborate system of funeral rituals that were followed, he noted.
Duthas team’s team discovered that the earliest recorded musical instruments in the Indias archaeological record are from the 12th century B.C. The team found the oldest musical instruments that have been recorded in the world, dating back to the 1250s B. C. The oldest known musical instruments are the ones made by the Mughal Empire, Sinha said.
The team is studying the sound made by these instruments to understand the origin of the instruments, Sinh said.